CPR – RESTART THE HEART
THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND
- This process is to be followed on adults.
- CPR will not be effective on a soft surface such as beds or sofas it is highly recommended that the procedure is followed placing the victim on the ground.
- DO NOT PANIC
- DO NOT FORGET THE 30 :2 RATIO
Demonstrated by Tika Raj Paudyal,(Program Officer,First Aid Division,Red Cross Nepal)
*Coordinated by Dibya Raj Poudel (Head of Department, Humanitarian Values and Communications, Nepal Red Cross Society)
You could literally be somebody’s life-saver by learning the procedure of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a procedure that is recommended only if the victim is unconscious. Here are the steps you need to follow in order to perform a CPR procedure properly.
STEP 1: SHOUT AND CLAP
Check if the victim is conscious, if you do not get any response call for the ambulance.
STEP 2: LOOSEN CLOTHES
If the victim is wearing a tie or something that might seem too tight in the chest and neck area loosen the tie and unbutton the shirt in order to make the CPR process effective.
STEP 3 : AIRWAY
Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of chin. Do NOT tilt the head too far back, For a few seconds look at the chest for movement, listen for breathing sounds and feel for breathing with your cheek.
GIVE 2 BREATHS
If the victim is NOT breathing normally, pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours. Blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths (1-2 seconds long)
CHECK PULSE-GIVE 30 COMPRESSIONS
Check pulse by placing your first two fingers on the side of the victim’s neck closest to you for 10 seconds (just use your fingers).If no pulse, begin chest compressions. Give 30 chest compressions at the rate of 100 per minute. Push down the chest 1.5 inches to 2 inches 30 times right between the nipples. Pump at the rate of 100/minute, faster than once per second.(Continue checking pulse every 2 minutes)
Repeat 2 breaths and 30 compressions as needed (in 2 min intervals or 5 cycles of 30-2) Continue to check pulse every 2 minutes. *NOTE: Pulse Location=carotid artery found on neck.