HOW TO TAKE A GOOD PHOTOGRAPH
Photography has long been a common hobby for many people, and chances are you might be one of them. In fact, you could be just about to take up the interest and get clicking. Whatever the case, it is a good idea to learn the basics that will teach you how to take a good photograph. Now, while there is a plethora of equipment that you can invest in, we would suggest you get a little know how of the skills one requires behind the lens.
1) LOOK YOUR SUBJECT IN THE EYE When you’re talking to someone, you want to engage in the conversation and to do that you establish direct eye contact. The same theory works with photography. Direct eye contact can be as engaging in a picture as it is in real life. When taking a picture of someone, hold the camera at the person’s eye level to find and express the connection in the photograph. For children, that means stooping to their level. And your subject need not always stare at the camera. All by itself that eye level angle will create a personal and inviting feeling that pulls you into the picture.
2) USE A PLAIN BACKGROUND: Whenever you take a photograph, make sure you keep the background in consideration. A plain background shows off the subject you are photographing. When you look through the camera viewfinder, force yourself to study the area surrounding your subject. Make sure no poles grow from the head of your subject or cars come out of the side of their head.
3) USE FLASH OUTDOORS: Bright sun can create unattractive deep facial shadows. Eliminate the shadows by using your flash to lighten the face. When taking people pictures on sunny days, turn your flash on.
4) MOVE IN CLOSE: If your subject is smaller than a car, take a step or two closer before taking the picture and zoom in on your subject. Your goal is to fill the picture area with the subject you are photographing. Up close you can reveal telling details, like a sprinkle of freckles or an arched eyebrow. But don’t get too close or your pictures will be blurry. The closest focusing distance for most cameras is about three feet, or about one step away from your camera. If you get closer than the closest focusing distance of your camera (see your manual to be sure), your pictures will be blurry.
5) MOVE IT FROM THE MIDDLE: The middle of your picture is not the best place for your subject. Bring your picture to life by simply moving your subject away from the middle of your picture. Start by playing tick-tacktoe with subject position. Imagine a tick-tack-toe grid in your viewfinder. Now place your important subject at one of the intersections of lines. You’ll need to lock the focus if you have an auto-focus camera because most of them focus on whatever is in the center of the viewfinder.
6) LOCK THE FOCUS: If your subject is not in the center of the picture, you need to lock the focus to create a sharp picture. Most auto-focus cameras focus on whatever is in the center of the picture. But to improve pictures, you will often want to move the subject away from the center of the picture. If you don’t want a blurred picture, you’ll need to first lock the focus with the subject in the middle and then recompose the picture so the subject is away from the middle. Usually you can lock the focus in three steps. First, center the subject and press and hold the shutter button halfway down. Second, reposition your camera (while still holding the shutter button) so the subject is away from the center. And third, finish by pressing the shutter button all the way down to take the picture.
7) WATCH THE LIGHT: Next to the subject, the most important part of every picture is the light. It affects the appearance of everything you photograph. On a great-grandmother, bright sunlight from the side can enhance wrinkles. But the soft light of a cloudy day can subdue those same wrinkles. Don’t like the light on your subject? Then move yourself or your subject. For landscapes, try to take pictures early or late in the day when the light is orangish and rakes across the land.
8) TAKE VERTICAL PICTURES: Don’t be afraid to experiment with vertical shots. All sorts of things look better in a vertical picture. From tall buildings, trails leading you into the forest or a photo of your grandmother resting in a rocking chair. So next time out, make a conscious effort to turn your camera sideways and take some vertical pictures.
PHOTO:PRITAM CHHETRI | MODEL:UTSUKTA BISTA