ABOVE AND BEYOND: SPACE INFOGRAPH OF ALL THE SUCCESSFUL INTERPLANETARY MISSIONS
The first attempts to reach Mars (1960) and Venus (1961) failed, yet triumph followed quickly. Of nearly 200 solar, lunar, and
interplanetary missions depicted on this map, most have been Earth’s closest neighbors. As rocketry, navigation, and imaging have
become ever more capable and reliable, the planets and many of their moons have been examined in detail. The New Horizons
mission to Pluto is under way, as is the MESSENGER mission to Mercury. Others not yet launched, perhaps not yet dreamed, await.
Sources: NASA; Chris Gamble. Sun, asteroid, and comet images: NASA/JPL.
Art by: Sean McNaughton, National Geographic Staff; Samuel Velasco, 5W Infographics.